Πέμπτη, 17 Αυγούστου 2017

From Zambia & Malawi about Dormition of Mother of God


THE FALLING ASLEEP OF OUR MOTHER IN HEAVEN – THE DORMITION OF MARY, THE THEOTOKOS - THE PANAYIA (August 15th)


Orthodox Metropolis of Zambia and Malawi

The feast of the Dormition or Falling-asleep of the Theotokos is celebrated on the fifteenth of August, preceded by a two-week fast. This feast, which is also sometimes called the Assumption, commemorates the death, resurrection and glorification of Christ’s mother. It proclaims that Mary has been “assumed” by God into the heavenly kingdom of Christ in the fullness of her spiritual and bodily existence.
As with the nativity of the Virgin and the feast of her entrance to the temple, there are no biblical or historical sources for this feast. The Tradition of the Church is that Mary died as all people die, not “voluntarily” as her Son, but by the necessity of her mortal human nature which is indivisibly bound up with the corruption of this world.

THE MOST PURE HUMAN BEING OF THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE

The Orthodox Church teaches that Mary is without personal sins. In the Gospel of the feast, however, in the liturgical services and in the Dormition icon, the Church proclaims as well that Mary truly needed to be saved by Christ as all human persons are saved from the trials, sufferings and death of this world; and that having truly died, she was raised up by her Son as the Mother of Life and participates already in the eternal life of paradise which is prepared and promised to all who “hear the word of God and keep it” (Lk11.27–28).

APOLYTIKION
 

“In giving birth, you preserved your virginity. In falling asleep you did not forsake the world, O Theotokos. You were translated to life, O Mother of Life, and by your prayers, you deliver our souls from death.”

KONTAKION
 

“Neither the tomb, nor death, could hold the Theotokos, who is constant in prayer and our firm hope in her intercessions. For being the Mother of Life, she was translated to life, by the One who dwelt in her virginal womb.”
 
THE HEIRMOS 
 
“In you the laws of nature are defeated, O undefiled Virgin pure. In virginity childbirth was accomplished, and death introduces life. You, after bearing, are virgin, and after dying are living. Mother of God, ever save your inheritance.”


Patriarch of Alexandria & all Africa Theodoros with icon of Theotokos, feast of the Dormition of Theotokos in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria (more here)

EXTRAORDINARY EVENTS AT HER FALLING ASLEEP

The Holy Scriptures tell us that when our Lord was dying on the Cross, He saw His mother and His disciple John and said to the Virgin Mary, "Woman, behold your son!" and to John, "Behold your mother!" (John 19:25-27). From that hour, the Apostle took care of the Theotokos in his own home.
Along with the biblical reference in Acts 1:14 that confirms that the Virgin Mary was with the Holy Apostles on the day of Pentecost, the tradition of the Church holds that she remained in the home of the Apostle John in Jerusalem, continuing a ministry in word and deed.
At the time of her death, the disciples of our Lord who were preaching throughout the world returned to Jerusalem to see the Theotokos. Except for the Apostle Thomas, all of them including the Apostle Paul were gathered together at her bedside. At the moment of her death, Jesus Christ himself descended and carried her soul into heaven.
Following her repose, the body of the Theotokos was taken in procession and laid in a tomb near the Garden of Gethsemane. When the Apostle Thomas arrived three days after her repose and desired to see her body, the tomb was found to be empty. The bodily assumption of the Theotokos was confirmed by the message of an angel and by her appearance to the Apostles.
The Services of the Feast repeat the main theme, that the Mother of Life has “passed over into the heavenly joy, into the divine gladness and unending delight” of the Kingdom of her Son (Vesperal hymn). The Old Testament readings, as well as the Gospel readings for the Vigil and the Divine Liturgy, are exactly the same as those for the Feast of the Virgin’s Nativity and her Entrance into the Temple. Thus, at the Vigil we again hear Mary say: “My soul magnifies the Lord and my Spirit rejoices in God my Saviour” (Lk 1.47). At the Divine Liturgy we hear the Letter to the Philippians where Saint Paul speaks of the self-emptying of Christ who condescends to human servitude and ignoble death in order to be “highly exalted by God his Father” (Phil 2.5–11). And once again we hear in the Gospel that Mary’s blessedness belongs to all who “hear the word of God and keep it” (Lk. 11.27–28).

WE ARE ALSO BLESSED BY EMULATING THE PANAYIA’S EXAMPLE


Feast of the Dormition of Theotokos 2017 in Alexandria (here)
 
Thus, the Feast of the Dormition of the Theotokos is the celebration of the fact that all men are “highly exalted” in the blessedness of the victorious Christ, and that this high exaltation has already been accomplished in Mary the Theotokos. The Feast of the Dormition is the sign, the guarantee, and the celebration that Mary’s fate is, the destiny of all those of “low estate” whose souls magnify the Lord, whose spirits rejoice in God the Saviour, whose lives are totally dedicated to hearing and keeping the Word of God which is given to men in Mary’s child, the Saviour and Redeemer of the world.
Finally it must be stressed that, in all of the Feasts of the Virgin Mother of God in the Church, the Orthodox Christians celebrate facts of their own lives in Christ and the Holy Spirit. What happens to Mary happens to all who imitate her holy life of humility, obedience, and love. With her, all people will be “blessed” to be “more honourable than the cherubim and beyond compare more glorious than the seraphim” if they follow her example. All will have Christ born in them by the Holy Spirit. All will become temples of the living God. All will share in the eternal life of His Kingdom who live the life that Mary lived.
In this sense everything that is praised and glorified in Mary is a sign of what is offered to all persons in the life of the Church. It is for this reason that Mary, with the divine child Jesus within her, is called in the Orthodox Tradition the Image of the Church. For the assembly of the saved is those in whom Christ dwells.

MOST HOLY THEOTOKOS, SAVE US THROUGH YOUR INTERCESSIONS TO CHRIST, OUR LORD...
 
Excerpt from the homily on the Dormition of the Theotokos by St. Germanos of Constantinople



“It is time, my Mother,” says the Lord, “to take you to myself. Just as you have filled the earth and all who dwell in it with joy, O you who enjoy such grace, come, and make the heavens joyful once again. Make my Father’s dwelling-place radiant; be a spiritual guide for the souls of the saints. For when they see your glorious passage here to my side, escorted by angels, they will be convinced in their faith that their own place, too, through you, will be to dwell here in my light. Come, then, in exultation; rejoice now, as you rejoiced at the angel’s greeting. In every way you now have the dignity of your title, ‘full of grace.’ As when you were about to conceive me you were invited to rejoice, so rejoice again in my desire to take you to myself. Do not be disturbed at leaving behind the corruptible world, with all its desires. Forget about its power of corruption. For you will not leave those who live in the world bereft of your protection; but just as I, who am not of the world, watch over those who live in it and take care of them, so your patronage will not be taken away from those who live in the world, until its consummation.
 
St Germanos (Herman) of Constantinople, the heroic patriarch, from here 


“The extravagant demands of the flesh will no longer disturb you. You are ascending to a fuller life, to joyful rest, to unconquerable peace, to an existence untroubled by cares, to delights free of passion, to permanent freedom from distraction, to unending enjoyment, to a light that never fades, to a day without evening—to me, the creator of all that is, including you. Where I am, there is eternal life, incomparable joy, a dwelling-place without parallel, an indestructible city. Where I am, then, you will be also: a mother inseparably one with her undivided Son. Where God is, there is all goodness of heart, all delight, all brilliance. No one who knows my glory wants to abandon it. No one who comes to my rest seeks again the things of the corruptible world. Ask Peter if there was any comparison or likeness between the world and Mount Tabor, when he gazed for a short time on my glory.
“When you lived in the world of corruptible things, I revealed my power to you in visions; now that you are passing from that life, I will show myself to you face to face. Give the earth what belongs to it, without anxiety. Your body belongs to me, and since the ends of the earth are in my hand, no one can take anything from me. Entrust your body to me, just as I placed my divinity trustingly in your womb. Your soul, full of divine power, will see the glory of my Father. You immaculate body will see the glory of his only Son. Your pure spirit will see the glory of the all-holy Spirit.


 
Feast of Dormition in Bujumbura Burundi 2017 (more here)

“Death shall make no boast at your expense, for you have given birth to life. You are my vessel; the mortal cracks caused by the fall shall not break you apart. The overshadowing gloom shall not rob you of sight. Come eagerly to the one whom you brought into the world. I want to make you happy, as a son should do—to pay you the pension due a mother’s womb, to recompense you for feeding my milk, to reward you for your nurture, to give your maternal love its full return. You begot me, Mother, as your only Son; now make the choice to come and live with me, for I know your heart is not divided by love for anther child. I revealed you as my virgin mother; now I will make you a mother who rejoices in her Son. I will show the world now to be your debtor, and when you come to me I will glorify your name still more. I shall build you into the wall of the universe, into a bridge for those who are awash in the waves, an ark of salvation, a staff for the disabled, an advocate for sinners, a ladder to heaven strong enough to bear the weight of all humanity as it climbs.
“Come, then, with joy! Open up Paradise, which your ancestor Eve, your natural sister, had locked. Enter into the joy of your Son. Let go of the Jerusalem that is below, and hasten up to the heavenly city; for the Jerusalem below, ‘lamentation will soon be multiplied,’ as Scripture has it, ‘like the lamentation for the pomegranate grove cut down in the plain’ (Zach 12:11 [LXX]). Lie down to rest, if only in appearance, in Gethsemane, the place of your tomb. I will not leave you alone there for long. I will come to you very quickly, when you have been buried in the sepulchre—not to dwell in you again by being conceived, as I once was, but rather to take you now to dwell with me. Rest your body confidently in Gethsemane, as once I rested my knees there in human prayer, before my passion. I gave you an image of your own death, bending on that very ground the knees I took from your body. As I came forth willingly, then, after that prostration, to a death on the cross that was the source of life, you, too, will pass immediately into life when your remains have been laid in the earth.
“Behold, my disciples are coming to receive you; they, my spiritual sons who are filled with my light, will bury you in all reverence and piety. I have bestowed on them the grace of adoption as sons, as you yourself can testify (see Jn 19:26f). Se when you are laid by them in the tomb, consider that it is my hands which are caring for you; for it is not fitting that'd you should be laird to rest by anyone else but my apostles, in whom the Holy Spirit makes his home and who represent my own person. Only they can do honor to your passing, O all-immaculate one!”

Most-holy Theotokos save us!


 Feast of the Dormition of Theotokos 2017 in Bunia, Democratic Republic of the Congo (more here)

See also

Dormition of the Theotokos Resource Page 
Mother of God (Virgin Mary), Orthodox Church and African peoples (& Why the Orthodox Honor Mary)
Male and Female Created He Them
The Icon of the Theotokos

Dormição da Santíssima Mãe de Deus (15 de Agosto)  

Τρίτη, 15 Αυγούστου 2017

Dormição da Santíssima Mãe de Deus (15 de Agosto)



Arquidiocese Ortodoxa de Buenos Aires

última grande festa do ano litúrgico bizantino (que nos Minéa termina no dia 31 de agosto) é mariana: Dormição da SS. Mãe de Deus, Kóimesis no grego e Uspénie no eslavo eclesiástico, palavras que aludem justamente ao ato de dormir. E a tradicional representação iconográfica de 15 de agosto mostra a Virgem estendida no leito de morte, rodeada para o último sono pelos apóstolos, vindos prodigiosamente dos lugares onde pregavam o evangelho, tendo ao centro Jesus Cristo que acolhe a sua alma, representada como uma menina envolta em faixas e por ele sustentada.
A partir do dia 1 de agosto, o Oriente bizantino prepara-se para a festa com um jejum (do qual também fala São Teodoro Estudita, morto no ano 826) e dado que, além da pré-festa do dia 14 de agosto, os textos litúrgicos falam do trânsito de Maria SS. ao céu até o dia 23 de agosto, pode-se afirmar que este é o mês mariano dos fiéis ortodoxos e greco-católicos.

Mulher com Theotokos Dormition ícone sagrado, daqui

A celebração dessa solenidade no dia 15 de agosto foi fixada com um edito do imperador do Oriente, Maurício (582-602), confirmando uma tradição, sem dúvida, mais antiga. No Ocidente, a festa foi introduzida, juntamente com outras três festas marianas, pelo papa Sérgio I, coincidindo as datas de sua celebração. Quanto ao conteúdo, o tropário principal assim sintetiza o mistério:
Em tua maternidade conservaste a virgindade
e em tua dormição não abandonaste o mundo,
ó Mãe de Deus.
Foste levada para a vida sendo a Mãe da Vida,
e por tuas orações resgatas nossas almas da morte.
Tropário (1º tom)
Logo é posto em evidência o ministério de intercessão que a Mãe de Deus e nossa desempenha após sua entrada (também corpórea) no céu. O kondákion do dia, a segunda oração mais repetida, o confirma:
Nem o túmulo nem a morte
prevaleceram sobre a Mãe de Deus,
que, sem cessar, reza por nós
e permanece firme esperança de intercessão.
Com efeito, aquele que habitou um seio sempre virgem
assumiu para a vida aquela que é a Mãe da Vida.
Kondakion (2º tom)
Operação na Santa Igreja da Assunção da Virgem em Bujumbura (Burundi), daqui

Embora os evangelhos não falem sobre o fim da vida de Maria, existe uma antiga tradição patrística, com informações provindas outrossim dos apócrifos, e que está na base do Ofício litúrgico bizantino do dia 15 de agosto.
São Germano de Constantinopla, de cuja autoria é o hino das Vésperas que se segue:
Vinde de todos os confins do universo,
cantemos a bem-aventurada trasladação da Mãe de Deus!
Nas mãos do Filho ela depositou a sua alma sem pecado:
com a sua santa Dormição o mundo é vivificado;
e é com salmos, hinos e cânticos espirituais,
em companhia dos anjos e dos apóstolos,
que ele a celebra na alegria.
Hino das Vésperas
Como nos demais textos litúrgicos bizantinos, da maioria dos hinos, que se repetem há mais de mil anos, se desconhece o nome do autor: Eis um exemplo tirado ainda do Ofício de Vésperas:
Oh, os teus mistérios, ó Pura!
Apareceste, ó Soberana, trono do Altíssimo
e nesse dia te transferiste da terra para o céu.
A tua glória brilha com o resplendor da graça.
Virgens, subi para o alto com a Mãe do Rei.
Ó cheia de graça, salve, o Senhor é contigo:
ele que doa ao mundo,
por teu intermédio, a grande misericórdia.
Entre os lugares santos venerados em Jerusalém que se relacionam ao mistério final da vida da Mãe de Deus, não existe somente a Basílica da Dormição cuidada pelos Beneditinos católicos, mas há também o Túmulo da Virgem, que está aos cuidados dos ortodoxos, próximo ao jardim do Getsêmani e onde recentes escavações confirmam que a sepultura remonta, de fato, à época em que viveu Maria Santíssima, e pode ter sido o lugar de seu breve sepultamento.
A tradição bizantina, claramente expressa na oração, acredita na morte e no sepulcro da Virgem, mas também na sua antecipada glorificação ao céu com o corpo e a alma, à semelhança e em virtude de quanto aconteceu ao seu divino Filho. Assim começa o texto próprio das Grandes vésperas do dia 15 de agosto:
Oh maravilha inaudita!
A fonte da vida é posta no túmulo
e o sepulcro transforma-se em escada que leva ao céu.
Alegra-te, ó Getsêmani,
santuário sagrado da Mãe de Deus!...
Festa da Dormição de Theotokos na igreja da Dormição de Theotokos Igonyi por bispo Athanasius de Kisumu (Quênia), daqui
 
A tradição narra que o apóstolo Tomé, tendo chegado atrasado para o sepultamento da Virgem e querendo rever seu amado semblante, fez reabrir o túmulo, mas este foi achado vazio e a mesma Mãe de Deus anunciou, numa visão, que havia ressuscitado e subido ao céu junto do seu Filho divino.
Se nos textos litúrgicos da festa encontramos várias alusões à tristeza dos Apóstolos que não verão mais junto deles a Mãe de Jesus, predomina, porém, a alegria pelo triunfo da Theotókos.
Diz um hino das Laudes:
A tua gloriosa Dormição
alegra os céus, faz exultar a multidão dos anjos:
a terra toda exulta de alegria
elevando a ti um canto de adeus,
ó Mãe do Senhor de todas as coisas,
Virgem santíssima desconhecedora de núpcias,
que libertaste o gênero humano da antiga condenação.
A festa da Dormição da Santíssima Mãe de Deus - este nome, como também a representação iconográfica permaneceu comum no Oriente e no Ocidente por mais de um milênio.
Com esta citação de um teólogo russo ortodoxo concluímos, retomando do Ofício das Vésperas bizantinas uma última invocação:
Oh imaculada Mãe de Deus,
sempre vivente com o Rei da vida e Filho teu,
reza sem cessar para que seja conservada
e salva de toda insídia do adversário
a multidão de teus filhos,
pois nós estamos debaixo da tua proteção
e te glorificamos por todos os séculos.
 
Crianças na Serra Leoa com ícones sagrados do Senhor e Theotokos (daqui)

Fonte: «O ANO LITÚRGICO BIZANTINO», Madre Maria Donadeo

Veja também

Foto daqui
 
Male and Female Created He Them
The Icon of the Theotokos

Dormitiaanse van Theotokos
 

Δευτέρα, 14 Αυγούστου 2017

Dormition of the Theotokos (August 15) & some African Flowers for Her // The "Easter of the Summer" in the Orthodox Church

Icon from Burundi (see here)

Click:

Dormition of the Theotokos Resource Page
Male and Female Created He Them
The Icon of the Theotokos

Dormitiaanse van Theotokos

Photo from here:
"Gregory is a West African without any formal training in the art of Byzantine Iconography. Nor had he ever heard of the Orthodox Church before our Mission arrived in Sierra Leone some 9 years ago.Yet Gregory is now a baptised Orthodox and by his God-given talent is now making fine icons for our churches. This is his latest - the Blessed Theotokos and Holy Child. Amazing!"

Some African Flowers for Theotokos (Burundi 2017), from here


Κυριακή, 13 Αυγούστου 2017

Οuverture du paroisse Orthodoxe en République du Burkina Faso




Ce vendredi 11 Août 2017, dans la cadre de la visite pastorale en République du Burkina Faso de d'archiprêtre Jérémie Behanzin vicaire général de l'archevêque après avoir passer deux jours dans la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso, à 16h départ pour l'aéroport International de Bobo-Dioulasso direction Ouagadougou Tel: +22657252158 père Jérémie et Sous-diacre Meletios +226 57252146. Que Dieu nous fortifie.

Eglise Orthodoxe de Côte d'ivoire
 
Le samedi 12 août 2017, l'archiprêtre Jérémie Sylvanus Behanzin, vicaire général de l'archevêque Narkissos accompagné du sous-diacre Meletios Mahi ont reçu la visite de la soeur Libanaise Nicole qui est à Ouagadougou. Après nous avons visité l'archevêché de Ouagadougou pour saluer et informer les autorités ecclésiastiques de l'église catholique romaine de notre séjour sur la Terre de ce beau pays du Burkina Faso. ensuite saluer l'abbé Vincent, Curé de la cathédrale de Ouagadougou. O quelle joie de voir notre Seigneur Dieu et Sauveur Jésus-Christ assister ses missionnaires dans cette noble œuvre. Que la Saintes Vierge Marie, la Mère de Dieu vous protège tous. (D'ici)

Voir aussi
 
 
The Passion of Jesus Christ and the Passions of Africa...
The Kingdom of Heaven, where racial discrimination has no place 
How “White” is the Orthodox Church?
Orthodox Mission in Tropical Africa (& the Decolonization of Africa)

Burkina Faso

Fr.wikipedia
 
Le Burkina Faso (prononciation : /buʁ.ki.na fa.so/), littéralement « Pays des hommes intègres », aussi appelé Burkina, anciennement République de Haute-Volta, est un pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest sans accès à la mer. Il est entouré par : le Mali au nord et à l'ouest, le Niger à l'est, le Bénin au sud-est, le Togo et le Ghana au sud et la Côte d'Ivoire au sud-ouest.
La capitale Ouagadougou est située au centre du pays. Le Burkina Faso est membre de l'Union africaine (UA), de la Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO) et l'Organisation pour l'harmonisation en Afrique du droit des affaires (OHADA). C'est l'un des dix pays les moins développés du monde, avec un indice de développement humain de 0,402 en 20155.



Période coloniale

En 1896, le royaume mossi de Ouagadougou devient un protectorat français. En 1898, la majeure partie de la région correspondant à l'actuel Burkina Faso est conquise. En 1904, ces territoires sont intégrés à l'Afrique-Occidentale française au sein de la colonie du Haut-Sénégal et Niger.
De nombreux habitants participèrent à la Première Guerre mondiale au sein des bataillons de tirailleurs sénégalais. En 1915 et 1916 ont lieu la guerre du Bani-Volta pour protester contre les recrutements forcés. Près de 30 000 personnes furent tuées par les troupes de l'Afrique-Occidentale française. Le , Édouard Hesling devient le premier gouverneur de la nouvelle colonie de Haute-Volta. Celle-ci est démembrée le et le territoire est partagé entre la Côte d'Ivoire, le Mali et le Niger.
Le , la Haute-Volta est reconstituée dans ses limites de 1932. Le , elle devient la République de Haute-Volta, une république membre de la Communauté française, et elle accède à l'indépendance le . Le nom Burkina Faso est adopté le .

Après l'indépendance

Le premier président de la République de Haute-Volta est Maurice Yaméogo (de l'ethnie mossi, qui rassemble plus de 50 % de la population). Le , le lieutenant-colonel Aboubacar Sangoulé Lamizana (de l'ethnie samo) le remplace au pouvoir après un soulèvement populaire. Le , un coup d'État militaire porte le colonel Saye Zerbo au pouvoir. Celui-ci est renversé en 1982 par un autre coup d'État militaire qui place le médecin commandant Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo à la tête de l'État et le capitaine Thomas Sankara (des ethnies peul et mossi) à la tête du gouvernement. Ce premier entre en conflit avec Sankara et le limoge de son poste de Premier ministre en mai 1983. Trois mois plus tard, le , Thomas Sankara effectue un nouveau putsch et instaure le Conseil national de la révolution (CNR) d'orientation marxiste. Le , le président Sankara rebaptise son pays Burkina Faso.
Le capitaine Blaise Compaoré (mossi) prend le pouvoir le à la faveur d'un coup d'État qu'aurait soutenu le président de la République française François Mitterrand10 ; au cours de ces événements, il aurait fait assassiner son prédécesseur Thomas Sankara. La mort de ce dernier est sujette à controverses11. La période suivant le coup d'État est baptisée « Rectification » par Blaise Compaoré.
Une nouvelle constitution est adoptée par référendum et le , Blaise Compaoré est élu président de la République (taux d'abstention 74 %). Il est réélu en 1998, 2005 et en 2010.
Les violences policières et les meurtres d'opposants au président Blaise Compaoré scandent les décennies 1990 et 2000 : Dabo Boukary en 1990 ; deux étudiants en 1995 ; Flavien Nébié (12 ans) en 2000. Tous étaient militants ou manifestants12. Le Burkina Faso connaît aussi des mouvements d'émeutes : en 1998 après l'assassinat du journaliste Norbert Zongo, en 2006 avec l'arrestation de certains étudiants à la suite d'une conférence de presse à l'université de Ouagadougou, en 2007-2008 contre le coût élevé de la vie12. En juin 2008, l'université de Ouagadougou connaît une grève massive, qui se solde par une reprise en main brutale de l'université par le pouvoir : suppression de toutes les prestations sociales étudiantes (bourses, restauration, résidences universitaires vidées en deux jours) après tirs à balles réelles sur les étudiants13. La révolte de 2011 secoue le pays en même temps que le printemps arabe.
En 1999, suite à la loi ivoirienne de 1998 sur le domaine foncier rural, un conflit foncier a lieu à Tabou, en côte d'Ivoire, entre Burkinabè et Ivoiriens. 17 000 d'entre eux fuient au Burkina Faso. En septembre 2000, de nouveau, un conflit foncier, à San Pedro cette fois provoque l'évacuation d'un millier de Burkinabè. Enfin, en 2001, suite à l'élection de Laurent Gbagbo, des émeutes se multiplient. 80 000 Burkinabè rentrent au Burkina Faso14.
Le , Blaise Compaoré fait face à un soulèvement populaire contre son projet de modification de l'article 37 de la loi fondamentale limitant le nombre de mandats présidentiels, afin de se représenter en 201515. À la suite des émeutes, Blaise Compaoré quitte le pouvoir et le chef d'état-major des armées. Honoré Traoré, annonce la création d'un « organe de transition », chargé des pouvoirs exécutif et législatif, dont l'objectif est un retour à l'ordre constitutionnel « dans un délai de douze mois »16. Le , l'armée publie un communiqué qui affirme son soutien à Isaac Zida comme président de transition17. Honoré Traoré en est un des signataires, ce qui implique son renoncement au pouvoir18. Le , le diplomate Michel Kafando est nommé président de transition19. Il nomme Isaac Zida Premier ministre.

Une femme Peule au Burkina Faso.

Le , des militaires du Régiment de sécurité présidentielle (RSP) retiennent en otage le président et le Premier Ministre et annoncent la dissolution du gouvernement transitoire20. Gilbert Diendéré, ancien chef d'état-major particulier de l'ancien président Blaise Compaoré, se proclame chef d'État, dans un climat de tensions importantes au sein du pays21. Le coup d'État entraîne la suspension du Burkina Faso parmi les membres de l'Union africaine22. Le , l'armée entre à Ouagadougou pour exiger la reddition des putschistes23. Le jour même, le chef des putschistes annonce que le président de la transition sera « remis en selle » après que la Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest a demandé à son régiment de déposer les armes.
Le , le président de la transition, à travers une allocution à la Nation annonce la fin du coup d'État et reprend son poste. Le Burkina Faso est réintégré comme membre de l'Union africaine fin septembre24.
Le , à la suite des élections présidentielles et législatives, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (MPP) est élu au premier tour président du Burkina Faso avec 53,49 % des voix devant Zéphirin Diabré (UPC), qui récolte 29,65 % des voix, les 12 autres candidats se partageant le reste25. Il est le deuxième président civil depuis l'accès à l'indépendance du Burkina Faso après Maurice Yaméogo.
Le ont lieu les attentats de Ouagadougou26, des hommes armés ont attaqué le bar Taxi Brousse, le restaurant Le Cappuccino et l'hôtel Splendid dans le centre de Ouagadougou, capitale du Burkina Faso. Ces lieux sont fréquentés principalement par des occidentaux. L'attaque terroriste est revendiquée par Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (AQMI)27. 

Économie

Le Burkina Faso est un pays en voie de développement, où l'agriculture représente 32 % du produit intérieur brut et occupe 80 % de la population active. Il s'agit principalement d'élevage mais également, surtout dans le sud et le sud-ouest, de cultures de sorgoo, de mil, de maïs, d'arachides, de riz. Il a été le deuxième producteur africain de coton derrière l'Égypte31, malgré l'aridité des sols. La filière coton, dans beaucoup de pays producteurs a pris de la vigueur, avec d'excellentes récoltes32, même si sur le marché mondial, le cours de la livre de la fibr, était en 2015 autour de 0,70 dollar, relativement bas comparé au pic des 2 dollars la livre qu’il avait atteint en 201132. Le pays était à la première place du palmarès des sept premiers producteurs africains de coton au milieu des années 2010.
En 2017, le Burkina est classé 146e par le programme Doing business en ce qui concerne les affaires33 et est le 134e pays où il fait le plus bon vivre (2017)34. Le Burkina Faso compte une très forte diaspora : par exemple, trois millions de Burkinabè vivent au Ghana35 trois millions également vivent en Côte d'Ivoire et 1.5 millions au Soudan36. Selon la banque centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest, ces migrants rapatrient chaque année des dizaines de milliards de francs CFA au Burkina Faso. Depuis les expulsions du Ghana en 1967, cette situation provoque également des tensions avec les pays d'accueil. La dernière crise remonte aux événements de 2003 en Côte d'Ivoire, qui ont entraîné le retour ponctuel de 300 000 migrants. Le tiers de la population du pays vit en dessous du seuil de pauvreté.
Il convient par ailleurs de citer quelques productions minières : cuivre, fer, zinc et surtout or (le pays vient[Quand ?] d'ouvrir sa cinquième mine).
À la fin des années 1990, les "compagnies juniors" canadiennes, investies dans plus de 8000 propriétés minières, dans plus de 100 pays, pour la plupart encore à l'état de projet37 multiplient les contrats avec des pays africains. Au Burkina, elles ont pour nom Axmin, Orezone Resources, Goldcrest Resources ou Etruscan Resources, et sont souvent présentes dans des pays voisins car le Burkina est un prolongement géologique de la riche zone aurifère du Ghana38.
Le Burkina Faso est membre de l'Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine et de l'Autorité de Liptako-Gourma, qui est chargée de prévenir les crises alimentaires et les sécheresses par la coopération de chaque pays membre.
Quelques données économiques :
  • PIB : 10,678 milliards $ en 201539;
  • PIB par habitant : 640 $en 201539 ;
  • PIB en parité de pouvoir d'achat (PPA) : 1 185 $ (2007, Québec, Institut de la Statistique) ;
  • Taux de croissance réelle : 5,2 % en 201639
  • Taux d'inflation (indice des prix à la consommation) : 6,40 % (2006) ;
  • Exportations : 1,591 milliard de dollars en 201140 ;
  • Importations : 2,25 milliards de dollars en 201140.
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