Κυριακή, 20 Μαΐου 2018

Xenophobia, xenomisia, and the failure of transformation

Khanya (Orthodox Christians from South Africa)
27 April 2015
Seven years ago there were outbreaks of xenophobic violence in various parts of South Africa, and this year (2015) we have seen more of them.
There has been some discussion about the accuracy of the term “xenophobia” to describe this, but it seems quite accurate to me, though I agree that we should perhaps add xenomisia. Xenophobia and xenomisia taken together mean “the fear and loathing of foreigners”, and that fear and loathing undoubtedly exists in some circles. This morning I saw a comment on Facebook, apparently intended in all seriousness, that the part of the Freedom Charter that reads “South Africa belongs to all who live in it” should be amended to read, “South Africa belongs to South Africans”.
South Africa is not the only country to experience xenophobia. It is found in most countries, and in some places it also leads to violence. See, for example, Neo-nazis are threatening an Orthodox community in Berlin / OrthoChristian.Com. In South Africa, the news media are generally against xenophobia, whereas in Australia and the UK the news media sometimes  actively promote xenophobia by using terms like “suspected asylum seekers”, thus implying that seeking asylum is a criminal activity rather than a human right.


Quite a lot has been written about the causes of xenophobic violence, though usually in terms of rather vague and abstract things like unemployment, poverty, or capitalism. This may be true, but it would be useful to have more specific studies of what prompted particular attacks.
In February 2008, for example, there were xenophobic attacks in Mamelodi in the City of Tshwane. These were not much noticed by the media, because they did not take place in Johannesburg. There was anecdotal evidence that the attacks were instigated by businessmen seeking to get rid of rivals who happened to be foreigners. A few weeks later there were similar attacks in Atteridgebille, and especially in the informal settlement of Brazzaville, on the other side of town. Some claimed to have seen combi-loads of people being brought in from Mamelodi who instigated the violence, in which some local people then joined. If these riots were started by businessmen seeking to get rid of rivals, then the cause could be said to be “capitalism”, but capitalism working in a particular way, and it is that way that needs to be examined more closely.
Perhaps such research has been done, but if it has, I would be interested in knowing the results — how many incidents of xenophobic violence were sparked off by this, how many by that? Other anecdotal explanations have been that someone was shortchanged in a shop run by a foreigner, an argument ensued, and it escalated from there. Or some crime takes place, and the perpetrators are heard speaking a foreign language. There is a hue and cry against “foreign criminals”, but how do you distinguish between criminals an non-criminals in such circumstances? And I don’t think hashtags or bumper stickers saying “Say No To Xenophobia” will do much to prevent it.
Some have asked why most of the xenophobia and xenomisia are directed at black immigrants from elsewhere in Africa, and not at whites in South Africa, who are themselves descended from immigrants, and have historically exploited black people in South Africa. I think this article, well worth reading, gives a clue to the answer If you come from another African country, you can never become fully South African | Africa is a Country:
The violence strikes at what is at the heart of post-apartheid South African identity. For all the talk of hospitality and “ubuntu,” xenophobic violence is a reflection of how the ruling ANC and most South Africans understand the boundaries of “South African-ness.” As commentator Sisonke Msimang suggests, what binds black and white South Africans together is a kinship based on their shared experience of colonialism and apartheid.

I discovered that for myself when I went to study overrseas in 1966 at the height of the apartheid era. I met a black South African friend who had arrived a few weeks after me, and we compared notes about our culture shock on arriving in Britain, which were very similar, and we both found it hard to get used to not having to look up when entering a post office or railway station or other public building to make sure that we were using the ethnically-correct entrance.
But a shared sense of South-Africanness does not necessarily lead to xenophobia and xenomisia, nor does it necessarily lead to violence, though it does lead to prejudice, which I am sometimes shocked to find in myself. I’m introduced to a Nigerian and the thought “drug dealer” surfaces. I’m introducted to a Bulgarian and the thought “car thief” surfaces. My rational mind intervenes and says “Don’t prejudge people by their nationality. You know it’s stupid.” But the thought is there, and comes, unbidden.
But if we are looking for the big abstract causes of xenophobia, then I think one that stands out is the failure of transformation. There’s a lot of talk of transformation, but little has actually changed. And when I speak of transformation I’m not talking about cosmetic changes like defacing or removing statues.
Take education.
Zimbabweans are a lot better educated than many South Africans, and as a result they tend to get better jobs. Because they are better educated, they often make better teachers, and we ought to welcome them with open arms, because they might be able to help us to transform education.
Why are Zimbabweans (and Congolese) better educated?
Because they never had Bantu Education, and the theory of Christian National Education, and the theory of Fundamental Pedagogics that underlay that.
I have been told that the one responsible for the transformation of education in Zimbabwe was Sir Garfield Todd, and his obituary seems to confirm that: Obituary: Sir Garfield Todd | Politics | The Guardian:
In 1946, Todd won the Shabani seat for the United Rhodesia Party, the most liberal of the groupings in the field. After rising through three ministerial postings, in 1953 he became prime minister and party president. He proceeded to introduce various progressive measures, including, in 1955, a five-year plan to give elementary education to every African of school age.
It seems that he left a legacy that not even Smith or Mugabe could destroy.
But at the very time that that was being introduced in Zimbabwe, South Africa was introducing Bantu Education. Yet in the last 21 years since the birth of our democracy, I am not aware of any serious attempts to undo the damage caused by Bantu Education and Christian National Education, which might bring about real transformation, rather than cosmetic changes. The people who might be able to initiate transformation in education, like John Samuel, were sidelined. See The disaster that is education in South Africa | Khanya
The other place where there ought to have been more transformation is policing.
We complain about xenophobia but we now see the police harassing foreigners as if they were conducting a 1950s pass raid.
And with armed mobs beating up foreigners, with comparatively few arrests, perhaps the xenophobic gangs get the idea that the police are conniving at what they do.
And then the police do the same to South Africans at Marikana.
Not much transformation there.

See also
The Kingdom of Heaven, where racial discrimination has no place  
Orthodox Mission in Tropical Africa (& the Decolonization of Africa)
How “White” is the Orthodox Church?

The Orthodox Church in the Republic of South Africa 

Orthodox Christian Clergy Against Racism
Racism: An Orthodox Perspective
Christians and the immigration issue (& Orthodox Church of St Nicholas of Japan in Johannesburg)
Racial Identities and Racism by Mother Katherine
Grace and “the Inverted Pyramid”
The Heresy of Racism
Racism (tag)

Παρασκευή, 18 Μαΐου 2018

Drug Trafficking in West Africa

Sustainable Development Under Threat From Drug Trafficking in West Africa

Drug trafficking is fast becoming the most serious problem in West Africa. The sub- region has seen an increase in drug trafficking, production and consumption which continues to ruin many lives.
There has also been an exponential increase in corruption and impunity which mainly favours drug barons in the region. This also has an adverse effect on citizens who possess or consume very little quantities of drugs.
As a whole, the proliferation of the drug trade in West Africa significantly undermines people's well being and possess a major road block to development efforts.
The yearly value of cocaine transiting through West Africa is estimated by the United Nations to be US$ 1.25 billion, which is higher than the national budgets of many West African countries including Liberia, Cape Verde , Sierra Leone, The Gambia, and Guinea-Bissau. This humongous amount which are direct proceeds of drug trafficking, production and consumption within the sub-region has a deadly effect on governance and sustainable development .
According to West Africa Commission Drugs (WACD) 2014 report, West Africa is not only a transit zone of drugs from Latin America to Europe. Also, local production of synthetic drugs such as, methamphetamine is increasingly being produced in West Africa for the Asian market. Furthermore, in some countries a strong protection economy for drug kingpins has emerged, allowing them to operate with impunity.
Organised crime syndicates exist at all levels of society in West Africa and pose a threat to good governance, peace and stability, economic growth and public health in West Africa, a region that has only recently emerged from decades of violent conflict. Drug trafficking is becoming a new threat for the "development" of West Africa.
Narcotics narratives are often portrayed as a security issue with a focus more on law enforcement through the criminal justice system without a deliberate link to development. The response to drug issues is similar in West Africa focusing on punishment with the aim of eradicating the supply of illegal drugs and having a "drugs free world" which can best be described as an illusion. The criminal justice response has failed.
According to statistics, despite the hundreds of billions of dollars spent in trying to eradicate illicit drugs, the industry is growing bigger than ever with a continuous growing number of drug users each day. From the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2015, it is estimated that a total of 246 million people, or 1 out of 20 people between the ages of 15 and 64 years, used an illicit drug in 2013. That represents an increase of 3 million over the previous year.
The current drug policy control approaches being practiced in West Africa and beyond is negatively affecting public health, economy, the rule of law, human rights, gender and social development.

Drugs and Public health

The primary objective of the international conventions is to protect the health and welfare of mankind. Unfortunately, in practice, the drug free illusion has led to so much focus on criminal justice, law enforcement, instead of public health and the protection of human rights.
In West Africa, the situation is becoming worst with public health being compromised with an increase prevalence of HIV among people who use drugs and lack of essential medicines for palliative care primarily for pain relief and the treatment of cancer patients. Statistics from UNODC's 2013 report on the world drug problem, states that the prevalence rate of cannabis use in West and Central Africa combined (12.4%) is higher than Africa and the global average, 7.5% and 3.9% respectively.
According to the Ghana's Minister of Foreign affairs during her statement at 2016 United General Assembly Specially Session (UNGASS) on drugs, " it is estimated that nearly 90% of cancer and AIDS patients in Ghana cannot be treated adequately on the current level of morphine supply". The current shortage of morphine in the Ghana hospitals has affected treatment given to the majority of cancer and AIDS patients.
The World Health Organization, UNODC, and UNAIDS have developed a 'comprehensive package' of harm reduction to reduce the risk of drug consumption related diseases such as HIV, hepatitis C, tuberculosis, overdose among others. These policy guidelines and programmes have been proven to be cost effective and have been endorsed by the African Union in its Common Africa Position (CAP) where AU called for the commitment to harm reduction programmes, including facilitating access to health care in prisons and promoting alternative non-custodial sentencing mechanisms for minor non-violent drug-related offences.
Unfortunately, in West Africa and Africa at large due to the repressive laws and related law enforcement policies and practices these programmes are yet to take full force. Currently, Senegal is the only country in West Africa implementing a harm reduction programme even though the laws are still very punitive. As a results less than 1% of people who inject drugs in Africa have little access to needle and syringe programmes or opioid substitution therapy
Unlike the visible presence of HIV retro-viral treatment available in the sub-region, hepatitis C remains a great threat in West Africa. The danger of hepatitis C can be seen in potentially serious health problems for those infected, with the possibility of liver failure, liver cancer, and premature death.
In West Africa when a drug user (who may be a problematic drug user (Addiction), as described by WHO as a chronic disease) is arrested, per the current regime, such a person has to be incarcerated if found guilty without given the opportunity to seek help for his or her problematic drug use. Over the years this approach of sending drug users to prison has only exacerbated their problem because the prisons settings are often characterized by overcrowding, inadequate ventilation and limited medical facilities for treatment, all of which contribute to the spread of diseases such as tuberculosis among prisoners. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2015 the incidence rates of tuberculosis in prisons could be 8-35 times higher than among the general population for some countries. Combined infections of HIV and tuberculosis are particularly serious, with each infection speeding up the progress of the other.

Drugs and the Economy

West African countries like their counterparts in the world tend to focus on eradicating the supply with little attention to the demand side. Policy makers have failed to appreciate that, demand drives supply. No matter the stringent methods adopted, drug users will always discover new ways of satisfying their cravings for drugs . An illustration of that is the balloon effect which was the cause of stringent measures put in place by the United States to impede drugs from Latina America to reach their coast. This led to the opening of new routes through West Africa.
West Africa is now a major hub in global drug trafficking. According to the UN, the yearly value of cocaine transiting through West Africa is estimated by the UN to be US$ 1.25 billion. For a region with a high rate of youth unemployment, this could lead to the implosion of social cohesion and an increase in crime.
In addition, this huge money can easily mount rebellion or terrorism to overthrow democratic elected government. For example, many analyses have been able to establish an interconnection between terrorist threat in the sub-region (precisely Mali) and drug trafficking.
Furthermore drug market encourages money laundering affecting the formal economy, and in turn discouraging investment in affected regions.
According to United Nations Development Programme Report June 2015, on 'Addressing the Development Dimensions of Drug Policy. "The existence of a large illicit sector in the economy can also distort economic data and, in turn, macroeconomic and structural analysis and policy making.

Drugs, Human Rights and Gender

Societal stigma makes drug users vulnerable to abuse either from law enforcement or related family and society as a whole. These violations include rape, arbitrary detention, unfair trial, torture, ill-treatment, lack of access to basic health care among others. Due to the harsh sentencing policy and fear of being arrested or reported, drug users are discouraged from seeking treatment and this exacerbates their situation.
Women, in particular, appear to face barriers to treatment. According to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2015 while one out of three drug users globally is a woman, only one out of five drug users in treatment is a woman. Women who inject drugs are often more vulnerable to HIV than their male counterparts. In Senegal HIV among Female Who Inject Drugs (21.1 percent) is three times higher than among Male Who Inject Drugs (7.5 per cent). In Nigeria HIV among Female Who Inject Drugs (21.0 per cent) is seven times higher than among Male Who Inject Drugs (3.1 per cent).
In addition, women who use drugs often fail to access harm reduction services - even when those are available - because of the high stigma associated with their use, and the lack of gender-sensitive services available to address their specific needs.

Links to Sustainable Development

Drug issues cannot be considered separately from a development paradigm.
The international drug control bodies, as well as West African countries, should shift their drug control approach and try as much as possible to embrace a holistic perspective of the issue in light of the debates that took place at and around the UNGASS on drugs in 2016, as well as the Sustainable Development Goals agreed upon in September 2015.
The measurement of success should not be about the number of people arrested or kilogram of drugs seized. The huge amount of money invested in law enforcement by West African government to operate prisons could be realigned to strengthen the health sector and fund development projects and programmes to address the drug problem.
There is a need to shift the objectives of drug policy away from process measures such as crop eradication statistics, arrest rates, seizures and imprisonment statistics. Governments need to explore and focus on solutions that promote public health, human rights and citizen engagement and participation. West African governments should integrate drug policy and human development in their development programs.

Leandre Banon is Capacity Development Programme Officer of the West Africa Civil Society Institute (WACSI).

Tráfico de drogas é o problema mais grave da África Ocidental

A Semana
16 Junho 2016

O tráfico de drogas está se tornando, rapidamente, o problema mais grave na África Ocidental. A sub-região tem visto um aumento no tráfico de drogas e na produção e consumo que continua a arruinar muitas vidas, lê-se numa reportagem publicada na revista All Africa, que denuncia ainda um aumento exponencial da corrupção e da impunidade que favorece principalmente os barões da droga na região. Tudo isso, prossegue, tem um efeito adverso sobre os cidadãos que possuem ou consomem muito pouco quantidades de drogas.

De acordo com o texto, como um todo, o tráfico de drogas na África Ocidental prejudica o bem-estar das pessoas e bloqueia os esforços de desenvolvimento dos países desta região. Este diz que o valor anual de cocaína que transita pela África Ocidental é estimado pela ONU em US $ 1,25 mil milhões, montante que supera os orçamentos de muitos países do Oeste Africano, incluindo da Libéria, Cabo Verde, Serra Leoa, Gâmbia e Guiné-Bissau. O montante, que provém das receitas do tráfico, da produção e do consumo de droga na região, tem um efeito letal sobre a governança e o desenvolvimento sustentável.
O relatório 2014 da Comissão de Combate às Drogas em África (WACD) revela que a África Ocidental não é apenas uma zona de trânsito de drogas da América Latina para a Europa. Há uma produção local de drogas sintéticas, tais como a metanfetamina que abastece o mercado asiático. Além disso, alguns países protegem os chefões do tráfico, permitindo-lhes operar com impunidade.
“Existem sindicatos do crime organizados que representam uma ameaça para a boa governação, a paz, a estabilidade, o crescimento económico e a saúde pública na África Ocidental, uma região que só recentemente emergiu de décadas de conflitos. O tráfico de drogas está se tornando uma nova ameaça para o "desenvolvimento" da África Ocidental”, diz Leandre Banon, do WACD.
Segundo as estatísticas, apesar dos milhões de dólares gastos na tentativa de erradicar as drogas ilícitas, esta indústria continua a crescer. E há cada vez mais usuários. O Relatório Mundial sobre Drogas 2015 do Escritório das Nações Unidas sobre Drogas e Crime estima que 246 milhões de pessoas, ou seja uma em cada 20 com idades de 15 e 64 anos, usou uma droga ilícita em 2013. Isso representa um aumento de três milhões em relação ao ano anterior.

Drogas e Saúde Pública

Segundo o All Africa, o principal objectivo das convenções internacionais é proteger a saúde e o bem-estar da humanidade. Mas, infelizmente, na prática, o combate a drogas teve maior enfoque na justiça criminal e na aplicação da lei, ao invés da saúde pública e da protecção dos direitos humanos.
Na África Ocidental, a situação é pior, com a saúde pública a ser comprometida por causa do aumento da prevalência do HIV entre usuários de drogas e falta de medicamentos essenciais para os cuidados paliativos, principalmente para o alívio da dor e tratamento de pacientes com câncer. As estatísticas do relatório do UNODC 2013 sobre o problema mundial da droga, indicam que a taxa de prevalência do consumo de cannabis na África Ocidental e Central combinadas (12,4%) é maior do que a média global, de 7,5% e 3,9%, respectivamente.
Algumas agências da ONU desenvolveram um programa para reduzir os riscos de doenças relacionadas com o consumo de drogas, tais como HIV, hepatite C, tuberculose, overdose, entre outros. Este foi adoptadp pela União Africana, que apelou para o compromisso de facilitar o acesso aos cuidados de saúde nas prisões e promover mecanismos alternativos de condenação não privativas de liberdade por delitos relacionados com drogas não-violentos menores.
Infelizmente, o Senegal é o único país que implementou este programa, apesar de as leis serem ainda muito punitivas. Como resultados menos de 1% das pessoas que injectam drogas na África têm acesso aos programas que disponibilizam agulhas e seringas gratuitas ou terapia de substituição de opiáceos. O texto realça que, ao longo dos anos, esta abordagem de enviar os usuários de drogas para a prisão só exacerbou o problema porque as configurações prisões, caracterizadas pela superlotação, ventilação inadequada e limitadas instalações médicas, contribuem para a propagação de doenças como a tuberculose entre os presos.

Drogas e a Economia

África Ocidental é hoje um importante pólo do tráfico global de drogas. Segundo a ONU, o valor anual de cocaína que transita pela África Ocidental é estimada em US $ 1,25 mil milhão. Para uma região com uma elevada taxa de desemprego, sobretudo entre os jovens, isso pode levar à um aumento da criminalidade. Este volume elevado de dinheiro pode ser igualmente canalizado para o financiamento do terrorismo ou para derrubar os governos eleitos democraticamente. Isso sem contar o branqueamento de capitais que o mercado de drogas incentiva, o que poderá afectar a economia formal e desencorajar o investimento.

Drogas, Direitos Humanos e Género

A estigma social torna os usuários de drogas vulneráveis ao abuso. As violações incluem estupro, prisão arbitrária, julgamento injusto, tortura, maus-tratos, falta de acesso a cuidados básicos de saúde, entre outros. Devido à política de condenação dura e ao medo de serem presos, os usuários de drogas são desencorajados a procurar tratamento e isso agrava a sua situação.
As mulheres enfrentam obstáculos ainda maior para aceder ao tratamento. De acordo com o Escritório das Nações Unidas sobre Drogas e Crime, um em cada três usuários de drogas é mulher. Entretanto, apenas um em cada cinco em tratamento é mulher. Diz ainda que as mulheres que injectam são mais vulneráveis ao HIV. No Senegal, por exemplo, a taxa de prevalência do HIV entre as mulheres é três vezes maior do que entre os homens. Na Nigéria, o número de mulheres com HIV é sete vezes maior do que os homens.

Ver reportagem completa no link: http://allafrica.com/stories/201606131704.html

Τετάρτη, 16 Μαΐου 2018

Pan-African Parliament, May 2018, “Winning the fight against corruption: A sustainable path to Africa’s transformation”

Orthodox Metropolis of Zambia and Malawi

Pan-African Parliament
May 7 to 18 “Winning the fight against corruption: A sustainable path to Africa’s transformation”

Official opening of the sixth Ordinary Session of the 4th Parliament at the PAP in Gallagher, Midrand, South Africa.
At least eighty Parliamentarians sworn in as new Members of the Pan African Parliament during the opening ceremony of the sixth Ordinary Session of the fourth Parliament that have taken place today in Midrand, South Africa.
Four new MPs from South Africa joined Santosh Vinita Kalyan who will serve another term. These are; Thandi Modise, Thokozile Didiza, Julius Malema and Mandlesizwe Mandela.

Archbishop Ioannis of Zambia and Malawi in his capacity as liaison between the Interparliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy (IAO) and PAP addressed Message of good will of the leadership of the Interparliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy.
Among others, the session will discuss and make resolutions and recommendations on matters and issues that include the Europe-Africa Forum on the Challenges and Opportunities of Migration Flows, the Report on the AU Year of Combating Corruption and the Report on Repealing Defamation Laws to Promote Press Freedom.
The PAP has 255 members representing 55 AU member states that had ratified the protocol establishing it. In terms of article 4 (2) of the protocol to the treaty establishing the African Economic Community relating to the PAP, each state would be represented by five members.

The five members from each country should include at least one woman and reflect the diversity of political representation in the national parliament or deliberative organ.

8 of May 2018 Midrand (here)

The President of the Pan African Parliament (PAP), Hon. Roger Nkodo Dang receives Archbishop Ioannis of Zambia and Malawi in his capacity as liaison between the Interparliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy (IAO) and PAP at his office at Gallagher Convention Centre in Midrand, Gauteng Province.
During the meeting, both Archbishop Ioannis and Hon. Nkodo Dang briefly discussed the progress of the Pan African Parliament and the need for positive changes for the development of the continent. 
Archbishop Ioannis conveyed the message of greetings of the Pope and Patriarch of the Great City of Alexandria Theodore (Theodoros) II and also discussed the proposal of having, in the near future, the World Public Forum “Dialogue of Civilizations” an important platform for discussing various issues of inter-civilization dialogue. The forum aims to bring together different people who are united in their sincere striving to establish the ideals of peace, good and mutual help within society.

The Holy Feast of the Ascension of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ: Through Christ, man becomes a "partaker of Divine Nature"!

Orthodox holy baptism in Rwanda (from here)

«...The expectation of the descent of the Holy Spirit certainly features in the Orthodox understanding too, as we can see from the Troparion of the feast:
Thou didst ascend in glory, O Christ our God,
granting joy to Thy Disciples by the promise of the Holy Spirit.
Through the blessing, they were assured
that Thou art the Son of God,
the Redeemer of the world.
But there is still more to it than that.
One of the hymns for Vespers says:
The nature of Adam,
which had descended to the nethermost parts of the earth,
Thou didst renew in Thyself, O God,
and today Thou didst take it up above every Principality and Pow’r,
for loving it, Thou didst seat it with Thyself;
and having compassion on it, Thou didst unite it with Thyself;
and united with it, Thou didst suffer with it;
and Thou Who art passionless hast glorified it with Thyself.
But the Bodiless Powers were asking:
“Who is this Man of beauty?
Not man only, but both God and man,
the two natures together made manifest.”
And so exultant Angels, flying about the Disciples in shining robes,
cried out: “Ye Men of Galilee,
He Who is gone from you,
this Jesus, both Man and God,
will come again as God and Man, the Judge of living and the dead,//
granting the faithful forgiveness of sins and His great mercy!”
Khanya (Orthodox Christian blog from South Africa)

More here, please!...

lcon from here

Τρίτη, 15 Μαΐου 2018

Sts Pachomius the Great & Theodore the Sanctified from Egypt (May 15 & 16)

St Pachomius the Great of Egypt, the founder of the cenobitic monastic life 

Click here!

St Theodore the Sanctified, Disciple of the Pachomius the Great

Troparion & Kontakion

Saint Theodore was called “Sanctified” because he was the first in his monastery ordained to the priesthood.
Saint Theodore came from Egypt and was the son of rich and illustrious Christian parents. The yearning for monastic life appeared early in him. Once there was a large party at the house of his parents during the feast of Theophany. The boy did not want to take part in the festivities, grieving that because of earthly joys he might be deprived of joys in the life to come. He secretly left home when he was fourteen and entered one of the monasteries.
Hearing about Pachomius the Great, he burned with the desire to see the ascetic. Saint Pachomius received the young man with love, having been informed by God beforehand about his coming. Remaining at the monastery, Saint Theodore quickly succeeded in all his monastic tasks, particularly in the full obedience to his guide, and in his compassion towards the other brethren. 
Theodore’s mother, learning that he was at the Tabennisi monastery, came to Saint Pachomius with a letter from the bishop, asking to see her son. Saint Theodore did not wish to break his vow to renounce the world, so he refused to meet with his mother.
Seeing Saint Theodore’s strength of mind and ability, Saint Pachomius once told him to instruct the brethren on Holy Scripture. Saint Theodore was then only twenty years old. He obeyed and began to speak, but some of the older brethren took offense that a new monk should teach them, and they departed. Saint Pachomius said to them, 
“You have given in to the devil and because of your conceit, your efforts will come to naught. You have not rejected Theodore, but rather the Word of God, and have deprived yourselves of the Holy Spirit.”
Saint Pachomius appointed Saint Theodore as overseer of the Tabennisi monastery, and withdrew to a more solitary monastery. Saint Theodore with filial love continued to concern himself over his instructor, and he looked after Saint Pachomius in his final illness, and when the great abba reposed in the Lord, he closed his eyes. After the death of Saint Pachomius, Saint Theodore directed the Tabennisi monastery, and later on he was at the head of all the Thebaid monasteries. Saint Theodore the Sanctified was famed for his holiness of life and a great gift of wonderworking, and he was well known to Saint Athanasius, Patriarch of Alexandria. Saint Theodore reposed in his old age in the year 368.